|本期目录/Table of Contents|

“美感”一词及其中国现代美育发生()

《美育学刊》[ISSN:1003-0654/CN:33-1367/G4]

期数:
2017年03期
页码:
26-35
栏目:
美育研究
出版日期:
2017-05-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Term "Beauty" and the Birth of Modern Chinese Aesthetic Education
文章编号:
2095-0012(2017)03-0026-10
作者:
赖勤芳
浙江师范大学 人文学院,浙江 金华 321004
Author(s):
LAI Qin-fang
College of Humanities, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
关键词:
“美感”美感观念“美感教育”中国现代美育发生汉语体验
Keywords:
"beauty" aesthetic idea "aesthetic education" birth of modern Chinese aesthetic education experience of the Chinese language
分类号:
B83-0
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
20世纪初汉语境中的“美感”一词,与“美学”一样,都是外来词。“美感”一词初显为“中国”的美学术语,大致体现为从纳入1903年《新尔雅》到1915年《述美学》一文的阐释这一过程。作为译词,“美感”在王国维、蔡元培前期的文本中有所浮现,但并不明显和稳定,这是美学在初入中国过程中必然出现的现象。在梁启超前期的文本中,虽然几无出现“美学”“美感”等词,但是以功利性作用为主导的美感观念得到突出表征。“美感”一词能够在后来得以普及,很大程度得益于美育之提倡。把“美育”释为“美感教育”,这是对“美感”的中国美学身份的一次重要确认。中国现代美学起源三大家的汉语体验,是他们切近中国现代美学尤其是美育发生于本土实际问题解决的直接方式。
Abstract:
At the beginning of the 20th century, the term "beauty" in Chinese context is a loan word from abroad like "aesthetics". It first became a Chinese aesthetic term during the time when it became an entry in New Erya in 1903 and was elaborated upon in On Aesthetics in 1915. As a translated word, "beauty" occasionally,not steadily, appeared in the earlier works of Wang Guowei and Cai Yuanpei, a phenomenon that was bound to occur after its initial introduction into China. Although they did not appear in the early works of Liang Qichao, a utilitarian aesthetic concept was clearly visible. The subsequent spread of the term “beauty” was due to the promotion of aesthetic education. Defining "aesthetic education" as "education of the beautiful" was an important step in establishing its Chinese aesthetic identity.The language experience of these three great masters at the birth of modern Chinese aesthetics was the direct way in which they tried to solve the practical problems posed by modern Chinese aesthetics or aesthetic education for that matter.

参考文献/References

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-02-27
基金项目:教育部人文社科规划基金项目《中国现代美学的日常生活维度研究》(14YJA751011)的阶段性成果之一。
作者简介:赖勤芳(1972—),男,浙江金华人,文学博士,浙江师范大学人文学院副教授,主要从事中国现代美学与文论研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-05-30