|本期目录/Table of Contents|

论美育在学校教育中的作用()

《美育学刊》[ISSN:1003-0654/CN:33-1367/G4]

期数:
2011年04期
页码:
57-63
栏目:
学校美育研究
出版日期:
2011-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
On the Role of Aesthetic Education in School Education
文章编号:
2095-0012(2011)04-0057-07
作者:
杜卫
浙江科技学院 校长办公室,浙江 杭州 310023
Author(s):
DU Wei
Office of the President, Zhejiang University of Science & Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China
关键词:
美育观学校教育素质
Keywords:
-
分类号:
G40-014
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
席勒站在以人为本、人的全面发展的立场提出的现代美育观,在20世纪初由王国维、蔡元培等引入中国,他们试图以此来纠正中国教育中重智育而轻价值意识的功利主义的偏颇。但百十年过去了,把读书作为追求功名利禄的手段、忽视人的全面发展是教育的根本目标等问题仍然存在。《国家中长期教育改革和发展规划纲要(2010-2020年)》指出素质教育是我国今后教育改革发展的主线。在学校教育的各个环节引入现代教育观,有利于学校教师和管理者深入具体地实施素质教育。美育作为情感教育,是从人的感觉和情感入手来提升素质的教育。由于人的心智发展以感性、情感为基础,故美育是素质教育的基础,有助于受教育者理性与感性的平衡发展、良好审美能力和正确人生观的形成,有助于人的创新意识、创新能力的激发等,从而使人的综合素质真正得以全面提高。
Abstract:
Schiller put forward his theory of modern aesthetic education from his people oriented standpoint of all-round development, which was introduced into China by Wang Guowei and Caiyuanpei in the early 20th century. Both of them tried to adopt it to rectify the utilitarian phenomenon in Chinese education, which stressed intellectual development and neglected value consciousness. Now, more than one century has passed, but there still exist the phenomenon that study is to pursue fame and gain and the problem that the fundamental educational goal of all-round development is somewhat neglected. The Outline of National Medium and Long-term Plan for Education Reform and Development (2010-2020) points out that quality oriented education is the theme of Chinese educational reform and development. The application of modern education theory at all levels of school education can help teachers and school administrators implement quality oriented education profoundly. Aesthetic education, as a form of affective education, can be used to improve quality education on the part of human perception and emotion. Since human mental development is based on sensibility and emotion, aesthetic education can serve as the basis of quality education, which is conducive to the well-balanced development of students’ sensibility and rationality, to the cultivation of their aesthetic ability and correct outlook on life and to the trigger of their innovation consciousness and capability, thereby truly improving their comprehensive quality.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2011-05-03
作者简介:杜卫(1957-),男,浙江东阳人,文学博士,浙江科技学院教授,兼任中华美学学会美育研究会副会长等职,主要从事美育理论研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-01-01