|本期目录/Table of Contents|

中国古代音乐的功能及其实现方式——“子夏论乐” 新考(PDF)

《美育学刊》[ISSN:1003-0654/CN:33-1367/G4]

期数:
2010年01期
页码:
109-113
栏目:
艺术与审美文化研究
出版日期:
2010-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Function of Chinese Ancient Music and Its Realization:A Study of “Zi Xia’s View of Music”
作者:
田耀农
杭州师范大学 音乐学院,浙江 杭州 310002
Author(s):
TIAN Yao-nong
School of Music, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310002, China
关键词:
子夏古乐新乐祭祀仪式
Keywords:
Zi Xia ancient music new music sacrifice rite
分类号:
J607
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
子夏认为新乐可能给社会带来动乱,而古乐则可以起到稳定社会秩序的功效。“子夏论乐”既是《乐记》的主要思想来源,又是立论的主要依据。今人觉得子夏言过其实,为音乐披上了神秘主义外衣。其实,子夏所论之乐是非听赏性的仪式音乐,这种音乐的社会功效是仪式与音乐一起实现的,后人在谈论其功效时通常忽视了仪式,以为只是音乐自身就能产生的。对此,子夏本人是很清楚的,只是后人才把仪式音乐中的仪式抽掉了。虽然根据古文献可信度的经验和形式逻辑的推理可以相信周代雅乐确实产生过良好的社会功效,但要证明周代雅乐确实如子夏所说,就必须找到像周代雅乐那样可以产生重大社会功效的音乐。笔者2000年在我国西部做传统音乐的田野工作时,发现陕北礼俗音乐就具有这样的社会功效。
Abstract:
Zi Xia believed that new music could make chaos in society and ancient music could play the function of keeping a stable society. “Zi Xia’s View of Music” is the major ideological source of The Records of Music and the basis for arguments. Today, people may think that his view is somewhat exaggerative and would make music mystic. In fact, Zi Xia referred to the ritual music which is for entertainment. The function of this kind of music is played through the combination of rites and music. When people talk about the function of music, they often neglect the role of rites, assuming that music is automatic. Zi Xia was quite clear about the truth, but the later generation doest not take rites into account. According to the ancient documents, it is believed that the ritual music in Zhou Dynasty had played a good social function. However, to prove that, as Zi Xia acknowledged, we should find such music which can play an important social function. In 2000, in the field research work of traditional music in western China, the author found that the ritual music in northern Shanxi has such a social function.

参考文献/References

[1]费孝通.乡土中国[M].香港:三联书店(香港)有限公司,1991:57.
[2]郭于华.仪式与社会变迁[M].北京:社会科学文献出版社,2000:1.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-08-30 作者简介:田耀农(1956-),男,安徽霍山人,杭州师范大学音乐学院教授,音乐学博士,主要从事民族音乐学研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-11-30